Gold has always had a deep significance in Indian history, which has allured people of different cultures and from all around the world. Even today, India’s infatuation with gold has only grown over the years. A report published in the Business World states that, India retained its top position in global gold consumption for 2 years, with jewellery consumption increasing by 14% year-on-year to 204 tonnes in the fourth quarter of 2015 (Business World, 2016).
That being said, with the increase in the demand of gold, an increase in the number of frauds being committed has been noticed. Many cases of people being duped with low quality gold have been registered. However, there are a few simple ways that you can use to check the purity of gold:
Size and Weight: Gold is an extraordinarily dense metal – much denser than almost every other base metal, even lead and mercury. Therefore, most fakes that weigh correctly will be too large in diameter or thickness. Or, on the other hand, if the fakes are in the right size, they will surely weight a lot lesser. So, you can differentiate the fakes from real gold by simply comparing the diameter and thickness of the piece in question.
The Magnetic Test: Probably the simplest way to check for purity, it is important to note that the magnetic test is not always the most-effective technique. The reason magnets are used to check gold purity is due to the fact that gold is a non-magnetic metal, one of the very few. So, if your metal pulls towards the magnet when placed nearby, then it is a fake. However, a normal fridge magnet will not work in this case. You will have to find a stronger magnet, which is easily available in specialized hardware stores or in common objects like women’s purse latches, children’s toys or even in unused hard drives. But, as aforementioned, it is very important to note that just because your metal didn’t react to the magnet, doesn’t mean it’s real, as non-magnetic metals are sometimes used as a counterfeit as well. Hence, this method is best used as a secondary test, after confirming with a more fool-proof way.
Official Markings: For every pure gold piece, a stamp will indicate either one of these two:
- Fineness (1-999 or .1-.999)
- Karat (10K, 14K, 18K, 22K or 24K)
Always make use of a magnifying glass as the enlarged view will help you identify the authentic marking from the fake ones.
While there are many such measures to effectively differentiate real gold from the fake, but to ensure you get the best quality, you must always purchase your gold jewellery from reputed luxury gold jewellery brands as they are known for selling the purest and best quality gold. After all, all that glitters is not gold!